Testicular cancer is a disease in which malignant cancer cells form in the tissues of one or both testicles the testicles are 2 egg shaped glands located inside the scrotum a sac of loose skin that lies directly below the penisthe testicles are held within the scrotum by the spermatic cord which also contains the vas deferens and vessels and nerves of the testicles. Testicular cancer limited update march 2015 5 1 introduction 11 aims and scope the aim of these guidelines is to present the current evidence for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with cancer of the testis testicular cancer represents 5 of urological tumours affecting mostly younger males. Nccn clinical practice guidelines in oncology for testicular cancer key words nccn clinical practice guidelines nccn guidelines testicular cancer germ cell tumors alpha fetoprotein lactate dehydro genase human chorionic gonadotropin cisplatin seminoma nonseminoma jnccn 201210502 535 nccn categories of evidence and consensus. Testicular cancer treatment options depend upon tumor type stage and risk group and include surgery radiation chemotherapy and surveillance get detailed treatment information about for newly diagnosed and recurrent testicular cancer in this summary for clinicians. Treatment for testicular cancer is based mainly on the type and stage of the cancer among the different stages of germ cell tumors pure seminomas tend to be treated one way and non seminomas and mixed germ cell tumors are treated another way in this stage the cancer has not spread outside the
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